Some Scleractinian Corals of Special interest for Captive Sexual Reproduction

Species

General Sexual Reproduction Information

Captive Sexual Reproductive Activity

Other Notes:

Acroporidae

 

 

 

various Acropora sp.

varies

There are multiple reports of Acropora sp. releasing eggs (or possibly egg-sperm bundles).

Unfortunately, most aquarists can’t ID their Acropora sp. colonies to species (or even genera).  Thus, reports of captive spawning events within home aquariums often lack this information. 

Acropora brueggemanni

brooding

 

 

Acropora cuneata

brooding

 

 

Acropora formosa

broadcast spawner, hermaphrodite

 

motile after 36 hours

Acropora microphthalma

broadcast spawner, hermaphrodite

 

 

Acropora nobilis

broadcast spawner, hermaphrodite

 

 

Acropora palmata*

broadcast spawner

Mote Marine Labs: coral has spawned in captivity, and formed larvae which settled in captivity

 

SECORE: Eggs and sperm have been collected from the wild. Larvae were formed and settled in captivity with juveniles raised to adulthood.

endangered species

Acropora valida

broadcast spawner, hermaphrodite

 

 

Acropora yongei

broadcast spawner,

hermaphrodite

 

 

Montipora capitata

broadcast spawner

 

 

Montipora digitata

broadcast spawner, hermaphrodite

There is at least one recorded case of egg release (could have been egg-sperm bundles)

 

Agariciidae

 

 

 

Agaricia agaricites*

 

 

 

Agaricia fragilis*

brooding

 

 

Agaricia humilis*

brooding

These corals are known to have spawned multiple times at the Rotterdam Zoo, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

 

Agaricia tenuifolia*

 

 

 

Dendrophylliidae

 

 

 

various Tubastrea sp.

brooding, probably hermaphroditic

There are several reports of these corals spawning planulae in captive systems which settle and form recruits without aquarist assistance.

Raising the recruits to mature colonies appears to be a challenge.

Tubastrea aurea

brooding

 

 

Tubastraea coccinea

brooding

 

 

Tubastrea diaphana

brooding

 

 

Tubastrea faulkneri

brooding

 

 

Euphyllidae

 

 

 

Catalaphyllia jardinei

broadcast spawner, gonochorite

There is at least one recorded case of egg-sperm bundle release.

 

Euphyllia sp. (“frogspawn”)

brooding

There is at least one report of coral releasing planulae.

Planulae reportedly first appeared as pink round “balls” which became “worm-like” on the aquarium glass (northern TX, mid-November, 2007- reported to WWM).

Euphyllia parancora

 

There is at least one report of egg release from tentacles.

 

Euphyllia ancora

broadcast spawner, gonochorite

There are multiple reports of egg release from coral tentacles.

eggs appear in the tentacles several hours before spawning

Euphyllia glabrescens

Euphyllia rugosa

brooding

There is at least one recorded case of captive spawning.

 

Euphyllia divisa

broadcast spawner, gonochorite

There is at least one recorded case of male spawning.

 

Faviidae

 

 

 

Echinopora lamellosa

broadcast spawner, hermaphrodite

 

 

Favia fragum

brooding, hermaphrodite

There are multiple reports of planulae release in closed/captive systems.

Rotterdam Zoo reported having captive spawned recruits grow to adult colonies which started reproducing and formed an F2 generation of captive bred F. fragum corals.

nonspecific Favia sp.

 

There are several reports of egg or egg-sperm bundle release.

 

Fungiidae

 

 

 

Herpolitha limax

broadcast spawner

There are at least one report of a colony having spawned eggs twice in two years.

It’s not clear if the coral spawned eggs, sperm or egg-sperm bundles.

nonspecific Fungia sp.

 

There are several reports of male spawning.

 

Fungia fungites

broadcast spawner

There is at least one recorded case of male spawning.

 

Polyphyllia talpina

broadcast spawner

There is at least one recorded case of male spawning.

 

Mussidae

 

 

 

Cynarina lacrymalis

broadcast spawner

There is a report of two episodes of egg (or egg-sperm bundle) release from the same coral colony (possibly stress induced).

 

Lobophyllia sp.

broadcast spawner

There is at least one report of egg release.

 

Oculinidae

 

 

 

Galaxea fascicularis

broadcast spawn, possibly hermaphroditic

There are at least two recorded cases of egg spawn.

It's thought that some corals have only eggs which only serve to provide buoyancy for sperm packets

Galaxea horrescens

brooding

 

 

Pectiniidae

 

 

 

Mycedium elephantotus

broadcast spawner

There is at least one recorded case of male spawning.

 

Plerogyra/Physogyra

 

 

 

Plerogyra sinuosa

broadcast spawner

There are at least two recorded cases of male spawning.

 

Pocilloporidae

 

 

 

Pocillopora damicornis

brooding

There are multiple documentations of complete sexual reproduction in captivity.

http://www.advancedaquarist.com/2006/3/aafeature2

Stylophora pistillata

brooding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seriatopora caliendrum

brooding

 

 

Seriatopora hystrix

brooding

 

 

Poritidae

 

 

 

Alveopora daedalea

brooding

 

 

Alveopora japonica

brooding

 

 

Goniopora gigas

 

 

 

Porites astreoides*

brooding, hermaphrodite

 

 

Porites attenuata

brooding

 

 

Porites furcata*

brooding

 

 

Porites heronensis

brooding

 

 

Porites murrayensis75

brooding

 

 

Porites panamensis

brooding

 

 

Porites porites*

brooding

 

 

Porites stephensoni

brooding

 

 

 

 

 

 

*CITES permit required unless hitch-hiked on live rock

 

hermaphroditic broadcast spawning Pacific corals in the Acroporidae family

hermaphroditic broadcast spawning Pacific corals in the Faviidae family

gonochoric, broadcast spawning

Pacific corals in the Caryophyludae family

Acropora aspera

Acropora austera

Acropora cerealis

Acropora cytherea

Acropora divaricata

Acropora florida

Acropora formosa

Acropora gemmifera

Acropora grandis

Acropora granulosa

Acropora honida

Acropora hwniIis

Acropora hyacinthus

Acropora latistella

Acropora longicyathus

Acropora loripes

Acropora lutkeni

Acropora micropthalma

Acropora millepora

Acropora nasuta

Acropora nobilis

Acropora pulchra

Acropora robusta

Acropora samoensis

Acropora secale

Acropora selago

Acropora solitariensis

Acropora tenuis

Acropora valendennesi

Acropora d. variabilis

Acropora d. vaughani

Acropora yongei

Astreopora microphthalma

Montipora foliosa

Montipora hispida

Montipora informis

Montipora monasteriata

Montipora spumosa

Montipora tubercusa

Montipora turgescens

 

Australogyra zelli

Barbattoia amicorum

Caulastrea furcata

Cyphastrea chalddium

Cyphastrea micropthalma

Cyphastrea serailia

Echinopora gemmacea

Echinopora horrida

Favia favus

Favia lizardensis

Favia mathaii

Favia doreyensis

Favia rotumana

Favia stelligera

Favia veroni

Favites abdita

Favites bennettae

Favites chinensis

Favites complanata

Favites flex.uosa

Favites halicora

Favites pentagona

Favites russelli

Goniastrea aspera

Goniastrea edwardsi

Goniastrea favulus

Goniastrea favulus

 

Catalaphyllia jarclineri

Euphyllia ancora

Euphyllia divisa

Physogyra lichtensteini

 

gonochoric, broadcast spawning

Pacific corals in the Dendrophyludae family

Heteropsammia cochlea

Heteropsammia aequicostatus

Turbinaria frondens

Turbinaria renifonnis

 

                                                     

Pacific Tubastrea faulkneri and Dendrophyllia sp. are gonochoric, brooding corals in the Dendrophyludae family.

 

Some Soft Corals of Interest

Species/Genus

General Sexual Reproduction Information

Captive Sexual Reproductive Activity

Other Notes:

Alcyoniidae

 

 

 

Sarcophyton glaucum

broadcast spawner

 

spawns at night

Sacrophyton sp.

broadcast spawner

several reports of egg release

 

Sinularia sp.

broadcast spawner

at least one record of eggs (or egg-sperm bundles) released

spawned at night

Clavulariidae

 

 

 

Briareum sp. or Pachyclavularia violacea

broadcast spawner

several reports of releases of egg-sperm bundles (might have bi-yearly spawning pattern)

eggs are pink. Coral typically spawns during the late afternoon or early evening

Order Gorgonacea

 

 

 

Psuedopterogorgia bipinnata

broadcast spawner

at least one report of egg release

 

Muriceopsis flavida

broadcast spawner

at least one record of eggs (or egg-sperm bundles) released

 

Ricordeidae

 

 

 

Rhodactis indosinensis

broadcast spawner

at least one record of eggs (or egg-sperm bundles) released

 

Amplexidiscus/Rhodactis sp.

broadcast spawner

at least one record of male spawning

 

Discosoma/Actinodiscus sp.

broadcast spawner

at least one record of eggs-sperm bundles released

 

Actinodiscus/Discosoma sp.

broadcast spawner

at least one record of eggs release

small blue eggs

Xeniidae

 

 

 

nonspecific Xenia sp.

broadcast spawner

 

 

Zoanthidea

 

 

 

Protopalythoa sp.

broadcast spawner

at least one record of egg and sperm release

 

unknown Zoanthid species

broadcast spawner

at least one record of eggs released